Diagnosis & Treatment

Although millions of American men are currently living with prostate and testicular disorders, most of these conditions are highly treatable if diagnosed and treated in their earlier stages. In fact, about 34 out of every 35 men diagnosed with prostate cancer - one of the most severe prostate disorders - will survive their condition. Similarly, more than 90 percent of men diagnosed with testicular cancer will also survive.

At Loma Linda University Medical Center (LLUMC), our caring, experienced staff uses new technologies and cutting-edge processes to:

  • Detect prostate and testicular disorders in their early stages
  • Provide immediate medical care to prevent further complications and save patients' lives
  • Educate men about what they can do after treatment to keep their risk low and improve their prostate and testicular health

Diagnosing Prostate Disorders

The precise tests and methods our doctors and nurses use will depend on the type and severity of a patient's symptoms. For most prostate disorders, diagnostic processes will include some combination of these evaluations:

  • Digital rectal exam (DRE) - the process of inserting a gloved, lubricated finger into a man's rectum to feel for any abnormalities with the size or shape of his prostate
  • Prostate-specific antigen (PSA) test - a blood test that examines the levels of PSA in the blood. High levels of PSA indicate possible prostate enlargement, infection, inflammation or cancer.
  • Transrectal ultrasound - an imaging test in which a rectal probe uses sound waves to recreate a picture of the prostate
  • Prostate biopsy - the process of taking a small tissue sample from the prostate to evaluate whether the organ is somehow diseased

Prostate biopsies are typically only performed when the first set of prostate diagnostic tests indicate abnormalities. If our specialists suspect that prostate disorders may be causing other health problems, such as malignancies in other areas of the body, further ultrasounds, MRIs and / or CT scans may also be performed.

Diagnosing Testicular Disorders

To confirm or rule out the presence of testicular disorders, our specialists will perform some combination of the following exams and tests:

  • An ultrasound to create an image of the scrotum, see if any lumps are present and evaluate whether the lumps are solid or fluid-filled
  • Blood tests to show if testicular tumors are causing any abnormalities in the blood
  • CT scans to determine the stage of the testicular disorder and, if malignancies are present, whether the tumors have metastasized or spread

Our Prostate & Testicular Treatment Services

An official diagnosis of a prostate or testicular disorder will be followed by immediate treatment, which will vary according to the type and severity of the condition a patient has. LLUMC's prostate and testicular treatment services include but are not limited to the following procedures and therapies:

  • Cryotherapy - the use of chemicals to freeze and kill diseased or malignant tissues
  • Gene therapy - the act of inserting genetic material into patient's cells in an effort to replace defective cells, also known as immune therapy
  • Hormone therapy to limit the amount of testosterone men are producing
  • Proton radiation therapy - the use of targeted proton particles to kill malignant cells and minimize damage to surrounding, healthy tissues
  • Radical inguinal orchiectomy - a surgical procedure to remove diseased testicles
  • Robotic and minimally invasive surgery, which uses state-of-the-art technologies to limit the number and size of incisions made during the surgical process
  • Robotic prostatectomy - the use of robotic surgical instruments to remove the prostate, officially known as da Vinci robotic prostatectomy

Traditional radiation and chemotherapy may also be part of the treatment regimen for patients diagnosed with prostate and testicular disorders. Men also benefit from the Loma Linda University Center for Health Promotion’s lifestyle and wellness program that ensures men maintain a high quality of life while undergoing cancer treatment for prostate cancer, specifically.

To Learn More about Prostate & Testicular Disorder Diagnosis & Treatment

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